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Eubanks, Philip and John D. Schaeffer. "A Kind Word for Bullshit: The Problem of Academic Writing." CCC 59.3 (2008): 372-388.


The phrase "academic bullshit" presents compositionists with a special dilemma. Because compositionists study, teach, and produce academic writing, they are open to the accusation that they both tolerate and perpetuate academic bullshit. We argue that confronting this problem must begin with a careful definition of "bullshit" and "academic bullshit." In contrast to Harry Frankfurt's checklist method of definition, we examine "bullshit" as a graded category. We suggest that some varieties of academic bullshit may be both unavoidable and beneficial.

Ortmeier-Hooper, Christina. "English May Be My Second Language, but I'm Not 'ESL'". CCC 59.3 (2008): 389-419.


In this essay, I present three case studies of immigrant, first-year students, as they negotiate their identities as second language writers in mainstream composition classrooms. I argue that such terms as "ESL" and "Generation 1.5" are often problematic for students and mask a wide range of student experiences and expectations.

Danielewicz, Jane. "Personal Genres, Public Voices." CCC 59.3 (2008): 420-450.


Writing in personal genres, like autobiography, leads writers to public voices. Public voice is a discursive quality of a text that conveys the writer's authority and position relative to others. To show how voice and authority depend on genre, I analyze the autobiographies of two writers who take opposing positions on the same topic. By producing texts in genres with recognizable social functions, student writers gain agency.

Kroll, Barry M. "Arguing with Adversaries: Aikido, Rhetoric, and the Art of Peace." CCC 59.3 (2008): 451-472.


The Japanese martial art of aikido affords a framework for understanding argument as harmonization rather than confrontation. Two movements, circling away (tenkan) and entering in (irimi), suggest tactics for arguing with adversaries. The ethical imperative of aikido involves protecting one's adversary from harm, using the least force necessary, and, when possible, transforming aggression into cooperation.

Raymond, Richard C. "When Writing Professors Teach Literature: Shaping Questions, Finding Answers, Effecting Change." CCC 59.3 (2008): 473-502.


The article explores writing-centered pedagogies that deepen student learning in literature survey courses. More broadly, the article also responds to Richard Fulkerson and Maureen Daly Goggin, who challenge professors of English studies to find disciplinary unity within the diverse epistemologies of rhetoric.

Miles, Libby, et al. "Thinking Vertically.'" CCC 59.3 (2008): 503-511.

Abraham, Matthew. "Defining Academic Freedom." CCC 59.3 (2008): 512-518.

Elbow, Peter. "Coming to See Myself as a Vernacular Intellectual: Remarks at the 2007 CCCC General Session on Receiving the Exemplar Award." CCC 59.3 (2008): 519-524.

Works Cited
Farred, Grant. What's My Name? Black Vernacular Intellectuals. Minneapolis: U of Minnesota P, 2003.
Gere, Anne Ruggles. Writing Groups: History, Theory, and Implications. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 1987.
Harris, Joe. A Teaching Subject: Composition since 1966. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1997.
Kynard, Carmen. "'I Want to Be African': In Search of a Black Radical Tradition/ African-American-Vernacularized Paradigm for 'Students' Right to Their Own Language,' Critical Literacy, and 'Class Politics.'" College English 69 (March 2007): 360-90.

White, Ed. "My Five-Paragraph-Theme Theme." CCC 59.3 (2008): 524-525.

No works cited.

Kennedy, Kristen. "The Fourth Generation." CCC 59.3 (2008): 525-537.

Works Cited
American Federation of Teachers. The Growth of Full-Time Nontenure-Track Faculty: Challenges for the Union. N.p.: AFT Higher Education, 2003.
Green, Daniel. "Abandoning the Ruins." College English 63 (2001): 273-87.
Lusin, Natalia. "Question on Hiring Trends." Email to author. 15 April 2007.
McLemee, Scott. "The 'New Theory Wars' Break Out in an Unlikely Discipline." Chronicle of Higher Education 49.28 (21 March 2003): A16. <http://chronicle. com/free/v49/i28/28a01601.htm>.
Micciche, Laura. "More Than a Feeling: Disappointment and WPA Work." College English 64 (2002): 432-58.
Miller, Richard E. "Our Future Donors." College English. 66 (2004): 365-79.
Modern Language Association. Committee on Professional Employment. "Final Report of the MLA Committee on Professional Employment." ADE Bulletin 119 (Spring 1998): 27-45. <http:// >. Path: Professional Resources; Reports and Documents; Reports from MLA Committee on Professional Employment; Final Report.
"Policy Board Minutes." 13 October 2004. Email to full-time faculty association at unnamed university. 12 November 2004.
Spellmeyer, Kurt. "Education for Irrelevance? Or, Joining Our Colleagues in Lit Crit on the Sidelines of the Information Age." Composition Studies in the New Millennium: Rereading the Past, Rewriting the Future. Ed. Lynn Z. Bloom, Donald A. Daiker, and Edward M. White. Carbondale: Southern Illinois UP, 2003. 78-87.
Stygall, Gail. "At the Century's End: The Job Market in Rhetoric and Composition." Rhetoric Review 18.2 (2000): 375-89.
Trimbur, John. Press release for Under Construction: Working at the Intersections of Composition Theory, Research, and Practice. Ed. Christine Farris and Chris M. Anson. 9 June 2005 <http://>.
Welch, Kathleen. "Compositionality, Rhetoricity, and Electricity: A Partial History of Some Composition and Rhetoric Studies." Enculturation 5.1 (Fall 2003): <>.
Yancey, Kathleen Blake. "Made Not Only in Words: Composition in a New Key." CCC 56 (2004): 297-328.

Wilson, Nancy Effinger. "Review Essay: The Literacies of Hip-Hop." Rev. of Roc the Mic Right: The Language of Hip Hop Culture by H. Samy Alim; "Getting' Our Groove On": Rhetoric, Language, and Literacy for the Hip Hop Generation by Kermit E. Campbell; Hiphop Literacies by Elaine Richardson; and Word from the Mother: Language and African Americans by Geneva Smitherman. CCC 59.3 (2008): 538-547.

Johnson, David. "Review Essay: Defining Dialect." Rev. of American Voices: How Dialects Differ from Coast to Coast, Walt Wolfram and Ben Ward, eds.; Do You Speak American? By Robert MacNeil and William Cran; and A Teachers' Introduction to African American English: What a Writing Teacher Should Know by Teresa M. Redd and Karen Schuster. CCC 59.3 (2008): 548-556.