Lunsford, Andrea A. and Karen J. Lunsford. "Mistakes Are a Fact of Life": A National Comparative Study. CCC 59.4 (2008): 781-806.
This essay reports on a study of first-year student writing. Based on a stratified national sample, the study attempts to replicate research conducted twenty-two years ago and to chart the changes that have taken place in student writing since then. The findings suggest that papers are longer, employ different genres, and contain new error patterns.