Flower, Linda. "Cognition, Context, and Theory Building." CCC 40.3 (1989): 282-311.
Return to the front page.
Return to the overview for this issue of CCC.
Access a full text PDF of this article. (Note: PDFs are available through NCTE, or JSTOR for issues prior to Volume 48. Site subscription may be required.)
Bookmark this entry on Delicious
Bookmark this entry on CiteULike.
Print this entry.[need to do a plaintext style sheet for entries]
Then below here, we'll add the lower navbar stuff from the original version, inc. site search, tag search, categories, issue bar, etc.)
Linda Flower. Cognition, Context, and Theory Building.
- Works Cited
- Ackerman, John. "Translating Context into Action." Reading-to-Write: Exploring a Cognitive and Social Process. Linda Flower et al. New York: Oxford UP, in press.
- Applebee, Arthur N. "Problems in Process Approaches: Toward a Reconceptualization of Process Instruction." The Teaching of Writing. Ed. David Bartholomae and Anthony Petrosky. Chicago: National Society for the Study of Education, 1985. 95-113.
- ---. Contexts for Learning to Write. Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1984.
- Bartholomae, David. "Inventing the University." When a Writer Can't Write: Studies in Writer's Block and Other Composing-Process Problems. Ed. Mike Rose. New York: Guilford Press, 1985. 134-65.
- Bazerman, Charles. "Physicists Reading Physics: Schema-laden Purposes and Purpose-laden Schemas." Written Communication 2 (January 1985): 3-23.
- Bereiter, Carl, and Marlene Scardamalia. The Psychology of Written Composition. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum, 1987.
- Berlin, James. "Rhetoric and Ideology in the Writing Class." College English 50 (September 1988): 477-94.
- Berthoff, Ann. "Reading the World. . . Reading the Word: Paulo Freire's Pedagogy of Knowing." Only Connect: Uniting Reading and Writing. Ed. Thomas Newkirk. Upper Montclair: Boynton/Cook, 1986. 119-30.
- Bizzell, Patricia. "Cognition, Convention, and Certainty: What We Need to Know about Writing." Pre/Text 3 (Fall 1982): 213-44.
- ---. "College Composition: Initiation into the Academic Discourse Community." Curriculum Inquiry 12.2(982): 191-207.
- Brown, John Seely, Allan Collins, and Paul Duguid. "Situated Cognition and the Culture of Learning." Educational Researcher 18.1 (February 1989): 32-42.
- Bruffee, Kenneth A. "Social Construction, Language, and the Authority of Knowledge: A Bibliographical Essay." College English 48 (December 1986): 773-90.
- Donmoyer, Robert. "The Rescue from Relativism: Two Failed Attempts and an Alternative Strategy." Educational Researcher 14.10 (December 1985) 13-20.
- Dyson, Anne Haas. "Individual Differences in Beginning Composing: An Orchestral Vision of Learning to Compose." Written Communication 9 (October 1987): 411-42.
- Emig, Janet. The Composing Processes of Twelfth Graders. Urbana, IL: National Council of Teachers of English, 1971.
- Enos, Richard Leo. The Composing Process of the Sophist: New Directions for Composition Research. Occasional Paper. Berkeley: Center for the Study of Writing at University of California, Berkeley and Carnegie Mellon University, 1989.
- Fetterman, David M. "Qualitative Approaches to Evaluating Education." Educational Researcher 17.8 (November 1988): 17-23.
- Firestone, William A. "Meaning in Method: The Rhetoric of Quantitative and Qualitative Research." Educational Researcher 16.7 (October 1987): 16-2l.
- Flower, Linda. "The Construction of Purpose in Writing and Reading." College English 50 (September 1988): 528-50.
- ---. "The Role of Task Representation in Reading-to-Write." Reading-to-Write: Exploring a Cognitive and Social Process. Linda Flower et al. New York: Oxford UP, in press.
- Flower, Linda, and John R. Hayes. "Images, Plans and Prose: The Representation of Meaning in Writing. Written Communication 1 (January 1984): 120-60.
- Flower, Linda, Karen A. Schriver, Linda Carey, Christina Haas, and John R. Hayes. Planning in Writing: The Cognition of a Constructive Process. Technical Report No. 34. Berkeley: Center for the Study of Writing at University of California, Berkeley and Carnegie Mellon University, 1989.
- Flower, Linda, Victoria Stein, John Ackerman, Margaret J. Kantz, Kathleen McCormick, and Wayne C. Peck. Reading-to-Write: Exploring a Cognitive and Social Context. New York: Oxford UP, in press.
- Freedman, Sarah, with Cynthia Greenleaf and Melanie Sperling. Response to Student Writing. Ur
- bana: National Council of Teachers of English, 1987. Freire, Paulo. Pedagogy of the Oppressed. Trans. Myra Ramos. New York: Continuum, 1986.
- Garrison, James W. "Some Principles of Postpositivistic Philosophy of Science." Educational Researcher 15.9 (November 1986): 12-18.
- Glaser, Barney, and Anselm Scrauss. The Discovery of Grounded Theory: Strategies for Qualitative Research. Chicago: Aldine Publishing, 1967.
- Gould, Stephen Jay. "Pretty Pebbles." Natural History 97.4 (April 1988): 14-26.
- Hayes, John R. "Empirical Research in Rhetoric." National Council of Teachers of English Research Council Meeting. Chicago, 19 Feb. 1988.
- Hayes, John R., and Linda Flower. "Identifying the Organization of Writing Processes." Cognitive Processing in Writing: An Interdisciplinary Approach. Ed. Lee Gregg and Erwin Steinberg. Hillsdale: Erlbaum, 1980. 3-30.
- Heath, Shirley B. Ways with Words: Language, Life and Work in Communities. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge UP, 1983.
- Herrington, Ann. "Teaching, Writing and Learning: A Naturalistic of Writing in an Undergraduate Literature Course." Writing in Academic Disciplines. Vol. II of Advances in Writing Research. Ed. David Jolliffe. Norwood, NJ: Ablex, 1988. 133-66.
- Howe, Kenneth R. "Against the Quantitative-Qualitative Incompatibility Thesis or Dogmask Die Hard." Educational Researcher 17.8 (November 1988): 10-16.
- Huck, Schuyler W., and Howard M. Sandler. Rival Hypotheses: Alternative Interpretations of Data Based Conclusions. New York: Harper, 1979.
- Knoblauch, C. H. "Rhetorical Constructions: Dialogue and Commitment." College English 50 (February 1988): 125-40.
- Lauer, Janice M., and J. William Asher. Composition Research: Empirical Designs. New York: Oxford UP, 1988.
- Lunsford, Andrea, and Lisa Ede. "Why Write. . . Together: A Research Update." Rhetoric Review 5 (Fall 1986): 71-8l.
- Mathison, Sandra. "Why Triangulate?" Educational Researcher 17.2 (March 1988): 13-17.
- Miles, Matthew B., and A. Michael Huberman. "Drawing Valid Meaning from Qualitative Data: Toward a Shared Craft." Educational Researcher 13.5 (May 1984): 20-30.
- Myers, Greg. "The Social Construction of Two Biologists' Proposals." Written Communication 2 (July 1985): 219-45.
- McCormick, Kathleen. "The Cultural Imperatives Underlying Cognitive Acts." Reading-to-Write: Exploring A Cognitive and Social Process. Linda Flower et al. New York: Oxford UP, in press.
- Nelson, Jennie, and John R. Hayes. How the Writing Context Shapes Students' Strategies for Writing from Sources. Technical Report No. 12. Berkeley: Center for the Study of Writing at University of California, Berkeley and Carnegie Mellon University, 1988.
- North, Stephen M. The Making of Knowledge in Composition: Portrait of an Emerging Field. Upper Montclair: Boynton/Cook, 1987.
- O'Keefe, Daniel J. "Logical Empiricism and the Study of Human Communication." Speech Monographs 42 (August 1975): 169-83.
- Perelman, Chaim, and L. Olbrechts-Tyteca. The New Rhetoric: A Treatise on Argumentation. Trans. John Wilkinson and Purcell Weaver. Notre Dame: U of Notre Dame, 1969.
- Peshkin, Alan. "In Search of Subjectivity--One's Own." Educational Researcher 17.7 (October 1988): 17-22.
- Phillips, D. "After the Wake: Postpositivistic Educational Thought." Educational Researcher 12.5 (May 1983): 4-12.
- Rose, Mike. "Complexity, Rigor, Evolving Method, and the Puzzle of Writer's Block: Thoughts on Composing-Process Research." When A Writer Can't Write: Studies in Writer's Block and Other Composing-Process Problems. Ed. Mike Rose. New York: Guilford Press, 1985. 227-60.
- ---. "Narrowing the Mind and Page: Remedial Writers and Cognitive Reductionism." CCC 39 (October 1988): 267-302.
- Schriver, Karen A. "What Are We Doing as a Research Community? Theory Building in Rhetoric and Composition: The Role of Empirical Scholarship." Rhetoric Review 7 (Spring 1989): 272-88.
- Shaughnessy, Mina. Errors and Expectations: A Guide for the Teacher of Basic Writing. New York: Oxford UP, 1977.
- Spradley, James. Participant Observation. New York: Holt, 1980.
- Stein, Victoria. "Elaboration: Using What You Know." Reading-to-Write: Exploring a Cognitive and Social Process. Linda Flower et al. New York: Oxford UP, in press.
- Toulmin, Stephen. Foresight and Understanding. New York: Harper, 1961.
- Wason, Peter C., and Philip N. Johnson-Laird. Psychology of Reasoning: Structure and Content. Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1972.
- Witte, Stephen. "Pre-Text and Composing." CCC 38 (December 1987): 397-425.